I-Medfem Sperm Donor Bank

IMedfem Fertility Clinic yaseka eyakhe i-sperm bank ngo-1990 ukuze kulungiswe ukunqongophala kwesidoda esikhoyo apha eMzantsi Afrika kwaye ukusukela ngoko amaqabane amaninzi, abafazi abangatshatanga kunye nabatshatayo be-LGBT baqalile kwaye bandisa iintsapho zabo.

Injongo yethu kukubonelela ngokukhetha okukhethekileyo kwesidoda esinganikeliyo kwimvelaphi eyahlukeneyo. Sisoloko sijonga abagqatswa be-sperm donors. Abanikeli bethu bafumene kwiindidi ngeenkcubeko, iinkolo kunye namalungu oluntu.

Izipho zethu zesidoda sizimisele ukunceda abanye ukuba bakhulelwe.

Oko sinikelayo

  • Inani elikhethekileyo labanikeli ngenombolo ekhethiweyo yezigulana
  • Ukukhetha abanikeli ngemfundo, inkolo, ukuhlala okanye izinto abanomdla kuzo
  • Ngokungqinelana nomthetho waseMzantsi Afrika-Ukungaziwa
  • Isidoda esincinci esaye sahlolwa ukuze sinciphise umngcipheko wezifo kwaye senziwe ithuba lokuvalelwa iinyanga ezintathu.
  • Iiprofayili zomnikeli wesidoda sikuvumela ukuba ujonge ulwazi lwabaxhasi abanika isidoda njengobudala babo, imvelaphi yobuhlanga, iziqinisekiso, indawo yokuhlala, impilo ngokubanzi, iimpawu zomzimba, kunye nezinto abanomdla kuzo.
  • Ukungenisa isidoda somxhasi kwiibhanki zamazwe anikela ngazo

Kutheni usebenzisa isidoda somxhasi?

Isidoda somxhasi sinokusetyenziswa kwiimeko ezininzi ezahlukeneyo. Ngokwesiqhelo, abantu abatshatileyo bahlala bekhetha isidoda esinikelayo ukunceda ekwakheni iintsapho zabo xa ezinye iinzame zokuchaneka kokuzala kungaphumelelanga. Oku kubandakanya izibini ze-LGBT kunye namanenekazi angatshatanga.

Ukuqonda ngebhanki yomntu onikelayo

Uninzi lwabantu luthatha kancinci ukuba baya kuba nabantwana ngenye imini. Ukanti esinye kwisibini esitshatileyo asinantanga apho i-40% ibangelwa kukungabikho komntwana kwindoda. I-Azoospermia (akukho sperm ikhoyo) inokubakho kwasekuzalweni okanye inokuba ikhule kamva ebomini ngenxa yokugula, ukwenzakala, utyando okanye indlela yokuphila engalunganga.

Unyango lokuncedisa ukuzala (i-ART) kusetyenziswa ii-gametes zabanikeli kubonelele ngamathuba amatsha okunyanga izibini ezingafumani bantwana, abafazi abangatshatanga kunye nezibini ze-LGBT. Idloba lokugcina imali okanye ukubizwa ngokusemthethweni njenge-sperm cryopreservation iye yaba lolona nyango luphambili lokuncedisa ekuzaleni.

I-Cryopreservation kukuqandisa nokugcina izicwili zebhayoloji kubushushu obuphantsi kangangexesha elingenammiselo. I-Cryopreservation isebenzisa i-nitrogen engamanzi njengesiqandisi kunye nendawo yokugcina. Isidoda iCryobank sisixhobo esiqokelela umkhenkce kwaye sigcine isidoda.

Xa sele inyibilikisiwe, isidoda sinokungeniswa kumfazi ngokufakwa ngaphakathi (AI) nokuba kungagcinwa isidoda kumjelo we-endocervical okanye kwisibeleko se-intrauterine, okanye sisetyenziselwa ukufaka ii-oocyte (amaqanda) ngexesha le-vitro fertilization (IVF) okanye inaliti ye-cytoplasmic sperm injection ( ICSI).

Enye yeenzuzo eziphambili zesidoda esineqhwa lixesha lokugcina elingenasiphelo, ngaphandle kwempawu zemvelo kunye nokusebenza ezilahlekileyo. Inokuhanjiswa ngokulula naphi na emhlabeni isebenzisa izikhongozeli ezikhethekileyo ezinokumelana nobunzima bezothutho.

Lo mkhuba unyukile kunye neemfuno zesidoda esityebileyo nesikhuselekileyo. Ukuba isidoda sibekelwe bucala kwi-nitrogen engamanzi, umnikeli unokuvavanywa kaninzi ekufumaneni isifo ngaphezulu kweenyanga ngaphambi kokuba kusetyenziswe isidoda. Umthetho wezeMpilo wase Mzantsi Afrika ulumkise ukuba isidoda esitsha esingaziwayo esingumnini akufuneki sisetyenziselwe ukufakela amadlozi okanye i-ART. Kuphela sisidoda esinikisayo esingaziwayo esingumnikeli esinokusetyenziswa ukuba umnikeli uneemvavanyo ezingezizo kwiintsholongwane ze-STD emva kweentsuku ezingama-90 zokuvalelwa yedwa.

Inani lamaxesha asetyenziswa ngokufanayo lowo unikelwayo lilawulwa ngumthetho wase Mzantsi Afrika kwaye ubunqunyelwe kubazal abathandathu abaphilayo ngokuzalwa.

Imiba yokuziphatha malunga nesidoda esinikelayo

Kungenxa yokuba ukusungulwa kobonelelo ngumboneleli (AID) kwazisa umntu wesithathu kuyakhokelela kwimicimbi eyahlukeneyo yokuziphatha, eyokuziphatha, yezomthetho kunye nemfuza.

Ngapha koko iintloni ekuhlaleni kunye nengqondo egcinakalayo isasebenza kuxanduva lokuphendula olufudumeleyo phakathi kwabantu abangachumi. Uninzi lwamadoda lusathandabuza umbono wokuba umfazi wakhe amkele isidoda somnye umntu. Abantu akufuneki bayibone le nto njengengabalulekanga okanye eyokwabelana ngesondo kodwa njengesenzo sobubele esifana nokunikela ngegazi.

Kukho imithombo emibini yeebhetri ezisetyenziswa rhoqo, ezo zinikelwa zizalamane okanye ngabahlobo, okanye ezo ezivela kwimithombo engaziwayo. Abaxhasi abangaziwayo bahlala bekhethwa nangona kunjalo, ukunqanda umngcipheko wokungqubana kwesimo sengqondo kubantwana abavela kumthombo ochongiweyo ongazaliyo. Ukufihla ulwazi malunga nokukhulelwa kwale nzala kunokuba yingxaki kamva ebomini xa kubhalwa ngeminwe yemfuzo.

EMzantsi Afrika umthetho uyakwalela ukubhengezwa kwezazisi zomnikeli kunye nabamkeli. Isazisi salowo unikeleyo siyakuhlala singaziwa kwaye abathengi abanalo ilungelo lokufunda ukuba ngubani umnikeli okanye bacele ulwazi lokuchonga kuwo nawuphi na omnye umthombo. Umnikeli uya kukhululeka kulo naluphi na uxanduva kwinzala yebhayoloji eveliswa lidlozi lakhe. Kulilungelo lomnikeli wesidoda ukubonisa ukuba angathanda ukunikela kubani isidoda (imeko yomtshato yesi sibini, inkolo, ukuthanda ngokwesondo, kunye neqela lobuhlanga).

Abamkeli banelungelo lokwaziswa ngokusikelwa umda kunye neengxaki ezinokubakho ezichaphazeleka kumnikelo wesidoda. Umnikelo wesidoda awusoloko uphumelela kwaye unyango oluninzi kusenokufuneka lwenziwe. Kwakhona, isidlo sebhanki asinakuqinisekisa ngokupheleleyo ukuba isidoda abasibonelelayo asinasifo okanye asinaziphene zemfuza. Nangona ukuvavanywa kwemfuza kunye neendlela zokuvavanya isifo zihambile kwaye zinobuntununtunu, ayibobungqina obuyintsokolo.

Ukucetyiswa kunye nemvume enolwazi kuyacetyiswa kuba kumisela abanikeli kunye nabamkeli amalungelo malunga nokuxela. Le mvume ityikityiwe yaqinisekiswa ngumnikeli, ngummkeli nogqirha womamkeli. Le fom iqinisekisa ukuba umthengi uyawaqonda amalungelo akhe kunye namalungelo esidoda esibonelela. Umgaqo wokuvuma unolwazi usekwe kwimigaqo yokuziphatha enesayensi neyonyango.

Abamkeli nabo kufuneka baqonde ukuba unoxanduva ngokupheleleyo kwinzala ekhulelwe isampuli. Nawuphi na umfazi obeleka umntwana ungumzali osemthethweni. Kwimeko yokunikezelwa kwesidoda, iqabane lakhe lingumzali osemthethweni naye ukuba nje unike imvume ebhaliweyo kunyango kwaye baphathwa kunye njengesibini. Isatifikethi sokuzalwa somntwana singachaza ukuba ngabazali abasemthethweni. Nangona kunjalo, ukuba ngumzali ngokusemthethweni akusoloko kunika indoda / iqabane uxanduva olupheleleyo lokuba ngumzali ngaphandle kokuba utshatele kumama womntwana.

Ukuziphatha kokukhetha isidoda

Ugqirha wayefudula engoyena mntu ukhetha abo banikelayo, kodwa namhlanje abaguli bencediswa zii-embryologists bakhetha umnikeli ngokokukhetha. Abaxhasi bahlala bekhethwa ukuba batshatise amaqabane abo, kubandakanya ibala lolusu, umbala wamehlo, umbala weenwele, ukuphakama, ukwakha kwaye ekugqibeleni, iqela legazi apho kunokwenzeka khona. Eminye imibandela edlala indima ngumdla, inkolo kunye nemvelaphi yoluntu. Oku kunceda ukunciphisa ukusetyenziswa gwenxa komnikeli kwindawo encinci yendawo. Kubalulekile ukuba ukhumbule ukuba nawuphina umntwana ozalelwe ekusebenziseni isidoda esiza kuba ngumnini uya kuba yindibaniselwano yeempawu zobudoda kunye nezobufazi, kwaye ke ngenxa yoko iimpawu zesiphumo azinakuqikelelwa.

Imiba yonyango yesidoda esinikelayo

Uvavanyo oluchanekileyo lufuna ukuba isidoda sibandiswe kwaye sivalelwe sodwa kwindawo yokugcina enelayisensi ngaphambi kokuba isetyenziselwe unyango. Zonke iibhanki ezixhasa amadlozi eMzantsi Afrika kufuneka zibhaliswe kwiBhunga laBasebenzi bezeMpilo boMzantsi Afrika (HPCSA) kwaye kufuneka babe nelayisensi yokuziqhelanisa; ke ngoko isidoda esivela kwiibhanki zesidoda esingavumelekanga asikho semthethweni.

Abanikeli ngabantu abaqhelekileyo, amadoda aphilileyo ngokwasemzimbeni aphuma kuluntu lonke aneminyaka yobudala isusela kwiminyaka engama-21 ukuya kwengama-35 eneempawu eziqhelekileyo zesidoda. Bonke abo banokunikela bafumana uvavanyo olungqongqo ngaphambi kokuba bamkelwe. Ukuvavanywa kwabanikeli kubandakanya iphepha lemibuzo, ukuhlolwa kwegazi, kunye nokuvavanywa kwesampulu yamadlozi kunye nembali yabanikeli.

Umxhasi ngamnye owamkelwe kwinkqubo yovavanyo lokugqibela uhamba ngenkqubo yovavanyo lwengqondo. Kuphela xa umnikeli esuswe njengomgqatswa ofanelekileyo, bamkelwe kwinkqubo yomxhasi.

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