Uterine Factor Infertility

Once the egg is fertilised, the embryo must travel through the fallopian tube and embed in the uterine lining (endometrium). The endometrium is composed of cells that divide rapidly under the influence of progesterone and estrogen. Since the embryo implants in the endometrial layer, it must be thick and vascular to provide nutrients essential for […]

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Stress and Infertility

Recent literature has reported that the emotional reactions and consequences of infertility can be compared to those experienced in a post traumatic stress reaction. With post traumatic stress, there is an avoidance of situations that remind the person of the stress, an anxiety around those situations and often-chronic ruminating or thinking about the situation –

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Semen Anatomical Abnormalities

In approximately 50% of infertile couples the male contributes at least partially to the cause of the problem. More than 90% of male infertility cases are due to low sperm counts, poor sperm quality, or both. The remaining cases of male infertility can be caused by a number of factors including anatomical problems, hormonal imbalances,

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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

What is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome? Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an ovulation disorder affecting up to 10% of reproductive-aged women. Notable symptoms of PCOS include disordered or lack of ovulation, elevated male hormones (androgens), and/or polycystic appearing ovaries on ultrasound. In addition women with PCOS may experience irregular or absent menses, excess facial and body

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Hyperprolactinemia is a disorder in which your pituitary gland produces excessive amounts of the hormone prolactin.  Prolactin is a hormone produced by your pituitary gland which sits at the bottom of the brain. Prolactin causes breasts to grow and develop and causes milk to be made after a baby is born. Prolactin normally circulates in

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Genetic Diseases

All healthy humans are born with 46 chromosomes that are part of every cell in the body. Chromosomes are divided into 22 matching pairs and one pair of sex chromosomes. These cell structures each carry the genetic material, or DNA, that makes every individual unique.  You receive genes from both of your biological parents; half

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